There are many who believe that modern civilization is suffering a human race-wide case of amnesia. We’ve come to accept certain facts about our past that dictate how long we’ve been here, when we began to advance out of caves, when we developed language, when we developed tools, and when other species that we shared this planet with died off and went extinct. We accept these earmarks of history as absolute fact. But some of those facts began as just stories until they were later proven correct.
There are still many myths and legends that go against what history tells us and are believed wholeheartedly by indigenous peoples of certain regions. Science tells us these myths are just that; however, every now and again a discovery is made that makes a myth into a historical fact. For example, the Chinese stories of the great “white bear” that lived high in the mountains? That was accepted as pure myth by science until a French missionary brought back a complete skin and then, boom, we have giant pandas. Then they tell us that with an established fossil record they know with 100% certainty that certain species are extinct and gone. Then in 1938, a living coelacanth was found, a species of fish that science tells us went extinct 66 million years ago.
New discoveries are being made all the time that force historians to take note and scientists to change their theories of the world. Even now, researchers are uncovering evidence from across the world, like unexplained artifacts and structures, which threatens to upend currently held beliefs. So far, mainstream science is skeptical and cautious on making any history-altering declarations. What do you think? Take a look at 15 astonishing discoveries that history so far can’t explain.
15. The Indus Valley Civilization
At first, it was simply stories of an unknown ancient civilization having once existing in modern-day Pakistan. Then an explorer, in 1842, said he discovered ruins. There was no still interest until 1856, when while laying railroad tracks, ruins of an as-yet undiscovered civilization were found. Now, after extensive archaeological research we know quite a bit about the Indus. Artifacts have been uncovered that detailed a highly advanced civilization for having lived around 3300 BCE, in the Bronze Age.
Where science is stumped is that we can’t decipher their language. Indus script is incomprehensive but researchers agree they did have a language, and evidence does point to it being a written one. This is a disputed point, because if they did, then that means the Indus developed writing skills 1,000 years before the rest of region. Also, artifacts appear to point to the Indus using a printing system, which, if true, would put them 1,500 years ahead of the Chinese. This is astounding, if proven. Unfortunately, most of the artifacts uncovered with Indus writing rarely have more than five unique characters, a point some researchers use to deny that it constitutes a genuine language. Most experts disagree, but without the ability to understand what it is that they have written, we just won’t know for sure.