6. Civil Services
One of the first things that Emperor Gaozu did was to establish the civil service by gathering a number of educated men around him to help him run the empire. Later, Han emperors established examinations and schools to make sure that only the most intelligent men would run the government.
7. Wu Who?
Emperor Wu was the longest reigning emperor of the Han dynasty. His reign lasted 54 years, a record until the 61 years reign of the Kangxi Emperor more than 1,800 years later. Wu spanned from modern Kyrgyzstan in the west, to Korea in the east, and to northern Vietnam in the south.
8. Paper Invention
Cai Lun was responsible for the invention of the standard paper-making process. The oldest known surviving piece of paper with writing on it was found in the ruins of a Han watchtower that had been abandoned in 110 AD, though it has been found out that early forms of paper were used in china since 2 BC.
9. Inventions! Inventions! and Inventions!
China discovered square roots, cube roots, the Pythagorean Theorem, improved calculations of pi, and most prominently the first use of negative numbers in world history! Rudder, which is used to steer a ship, boat etc. was invented during the Han period and so was seismoscope! Also a manually operated rotary fan was invented by the engineer Ding Huan of the Han Dynasty.
Buddhism came into China during the Han period.
Merchants didn’t enjoy a respectable position. However, they were able to become rich, especially with trade improving due to the Silk Road. Laws were made to make merchants wear white clothes and pay high taxes.
Qin dynasty ruled with the philosophy of Legalism and all other non-legalistic philosophies, including Confucianism, were suppressed. During the early Han period, teachings of Legalism and Confucianism were both accepted. However, the Han court under Emperor Wu gave Confucianism exclusive patronage and therefore making Confucianism the official state ideology of the Han. It remains amongst the most prominent philosophies in China till modern times.