10 of the Greatest Religious Leaders in History

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These People May Have Changed the World as Much as Science and Technology Did

Religions have been around for thousands of years. Perhaps the world’s oldest is ancestor worship (also known as the ghost cult), and countless others have been added over the centuries. Many of these religions have a leader or founder, and this list suggests 10 of the most prominent ones. The names are listed in no particular order of importance.

1. Muhammad, Prophet of Islam

One of the world’s great religions was started by a man who claimed to have continual revelations from God, which he would “recite” to others, particularly his followers. These recitations were recorded in the Qur’an, the most sacred book of Islam.

Born in 570 C.E. in the Arabian city of Mecca, Muhammad purportedly became a messenger of God at the age of 40, and then, in order to promulgate this revelation, became a political and military leader in the city of Medina in Arabia. Utilizing a series of shrewd military campaigns and expedient political alliances, Muhammad eventually conquered Mecca, the most important city of Arabia at the time, and thereby, established a monotheistic tradition based on the Bible’s “Old Testament.” This replaced the pagan-based religion of Arabia and began an expansion of Islam, which continues to the present day.

Often misunderstood and denigrated, Muhammad and Islam have become synonymous — at least in the minds of many people in the West — with religion-based terrorism. Even though Muhammad may have been ruthless in military matters and assassinated poets who discredited him, the Arabs of that time had to administer their own law and order just to survive. Also, on a parting note, it is said that Islam signifies peace and reconciliation.

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